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What Is The Most Straightforward Way To Pad Empty Dates In Sql Results (on Either Mysql Or Perl End)?

- 1 answer

I'm building a quick csv from a mysql table with a query like:

select DATE(date),count(date) from table group by DATE(date) order by date asc;

and just dumping them to a file in perl over a:

while(my($date,$sum) = $sth->fetchrow) {
    print CSV "$date,$sum\n"
}

There are date gaps in the data, though:

| 2008-08-05 |           4 | 
| 2008-08-07 |          23 | 

I would like to pad the data to fill in the missing days with zero-count entries to end up with:

| 2008-08-05 |           4 | 
| 2008-08-06 |           0 | 
| 2008-08-07 |          23 | 

I slapped together a really awkward (and almost certainly buggy) workaround with an array of days-per-month and some math, but there has to be something more straightforward either on the mysql or perl side.

Any genius ideas/slaps in the face for why me am being so dumb?


I ended up going with a stored procedure which generated a temp table for the date range in question for a couple of reasons:

  • I know the date range I'll be looking for every time
  • The server in question unfortunately was not one that I can install perl modules on atm, and the state of it was decrepit enough that it didn't have anything remotely Date::-y installed

The perl Date/DateTime-iterating answers were also very good, I wish I could select multiple answers!

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Answer

When you need something like that on server side, you usually create a table which contains all possible dates between two points in time, and then left join this table with query results. Something like this:

create procedure sp1(d1 date, d2 date)
  declare d datetime;

  create temporary table foo (d date not null);

  set d = d1
  while d <= d2 do
    insert into foo (d) values (d)
    set d = date_add(d, interval 1 day)
  end while

  select foo.d, count(date)
  from foo left join table on foo.d = table.date
  group by foo.d order by foo.d asc;

  drop temporary table foo;
end procedure

In this particular case it would be better to put a little check on the client side, if current date is not previos+1, put some addition strings.

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source: stackoverflow.com
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