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Stop Search Engines To Index Specific Parts Of The Page

- 1 answer

I have a php page that renders a book of let's say 100 pages. Each page has a specific url (e.g. /my-book/page-one, /my-book/page-two etc).

When flipping the pages, I change the url using the history API, using url.js.

Since all the book content is rendered from the server side, the problem is that the content is indexed by search engines (especially I'm referring to Google), but the urls are wrong (e.g. it finds a snippet on page-two but the url is page-one).

How to stop search engines (at least Google) to index all the content on the page, but index only the visible book page?

Would it work if I render the content in a different way: for example, <div data-page-number="1" data-content="Lorem ipsum..."></div> and then on the JavaScript side to change that in the needed format? That would make the page slower and in fact I'm not sure if Google will not index the changed content by JavaScript.

The code looks like this:

<div data-page="1">Page 1</div>
<div data-page="2">Page 2</div>
<div data-page="3" class="current-page">Page 3</div>
<div data-page="4">Page 4</div>
<div data-page="5">Page 5</div>

Then only visible div is the .current-page one. The same content is served on multiple urls because that's needed so the user can flip between pages.

For example, /book/page/3 will render this piece of HTML while /book/page/4 renders the same thing, the only difference being the current-page class which is added to the 4th element.

Google did index different urls, but it did it wrong: for example, the snippet Page 5 links to /book/page/2 which renders to the user Page 2 (not Page 5).

How to tell Google (and other search engines) I'm only interested to index the content in the .current-page?

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Answer

Save the content in a JSON file which you do not render in the HTML. From the server, serve only the correct page: the content which is visible to the user.

When the user clicks the buttons (prev/next page links etc), render using JavaScript the content you have the JSON file and change the url like you're already doing.

That way you know you always serve from the server the right content and the Google bot will obviously index the pages correctly.

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source: stackoverflow.com
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