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Right Way To Update State In Redux Reducers

- 1 answer

I'm a newbie in redux and es6 syntax. I make my app with official redux tutorial, and with this example.

There is JS snippet below. My point - to define REQUEST_POST_BODY and RECEIVE_POST_BODY cases in posts reducer. Main difficult - to find and update right object in store.

I try to use code from example:

  return Object.assign({}, state, {
    [action.subreddit]: posts(state[action.subreddit], action)
  })

But it used simple array of posts. It's not needed to find right post by id.

Here my code:

  const initialState = {
    items: [{id:3, title: '1984', isFetching:false}, {id:6, title: 'Mouse', isFetching:false}]
  }

  // Reducer for posts store
  export default function posts(state = initialState, action) {
    switch (action.type) {
    case REQUEST_POST_BODY:
      // here I need to set post.isFetching => true
    case RECEIVE_POST_BODY:
      // here I need to set post.isFetching => false and post.body => action.body
    default:
      return state;
    }
  }

  function requestPostBody(id) {
    return {
      type: REQUEST_POST_BODY,
      id
    };
  }

  function receivePostBody(id, body_from_server) {
    return {
      type: RECEIVE_POST_BODY,
      id,
      body: body_from_server
    };
  }

  dispatch(requestPostBody(3));
  dispatch(receivePostBody(3, {id:3, body: 'blablabla'}));
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Answer

With Arrays

If you'd prefer to stick with arrays, then you can write a reducer that just tackles single post objects.

export default function reducePost(post, action) {
  if(post.id !== action.id) return post;

  switch(action.type) {
  case REQUEST_POST_BODY:
    return Object.assign({}, post, { isFetching: true });
  case RECEIVE_POST_BODY:
    return Object.assign({}, post, { isFetching: false, body: action.body });
  default:
    return post;
}

Your root reducer would become:

export default function posts(state = initialState, action) {
  return state.map(post => reducePost(post, action);
}

We're just running our new reducer over each post in the list, to return an updated array of posts. In this case, the unique id will ensure that only one item will be changed.

With Objectscase, the unique id will ensure that only one item will be changed.

With Objects

If each item has a unique string/number id, then you can flip your array around and use an object instead.

const initialState = {
  items: {
    3: {id:3, title: '1984', isFetching:false},
    6: {id:6, title: 'Mouse', isFetching:false}
  };
}

Then you can simplify your reducer.

switch (action.type) {
case REQUEST_POST_BODY:
  let id = action.id;
  return Object.assign({}, state, {
    [id]: Object.assign({}, state[id], { isFetching: true })
  });
case RECEIVE_POST_BODY:
  let id = action.id;
  return Object.assign({}, state, {
    [id]: Object.assign({}, state[id], {
      isFetching: false,
      body: action.body
    })
  });
default:
  return state;
}

If you're happy to experiment with some ES7 syntax too, you can enable the Object spread operator with Babel and rewrite the calls to Object.assign.

switch (action.type) {
case REQUEST_POST_BODY:
  let id = action.id;
  return {
    ...state,
    [id]: {...state[id], isFetching: true }
  };
case RECEIVE_POST_BODY:
  let id = action.id;
  return {
    ...state,
    [id]: {
      ...state[id],
      isFetching: false,
      body: action.body
    }
  };
default:
  return state;
}

If you're not so keen on using the spread syntax, then it's still possible to make Object.assign a bit more palatable.

function $set(...objects) {
  return Object.assign({}, ...objects); 
}
case RECEIVE_POST_BODY:
  let id = action.id;
  return $set(state, {
    [id]: $set(state[id], {
      isFetching: false,
      body: action.body
    })
  });
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source: stackoverflow.com
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