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Passing Data Between Two Sibling React.js Components

- 1 answer

I have two instances of a component (a search field) on a page, with a second component (a button that makes server calls) between them, as such:

ReactDOM.render(
    <table>
    <tbody>
        <tr>
            <td><CardSearch items={ cards } placeholder="Card 1 here" /></td>
            <td><RunOnServer url="py/comparecards" /></td>
            <td><CardSearch items={ cards } placeholder="Card 2 here"/></td>
        </tr>
    </tbody>
    </table>,
    document.getElementById('root')
);

All I want to do is pass one parameter each, unmodified, from the CardSearch fields to the RunOnServer button, but I'll be damned if it's easy. According to this I can use this.state.var as a prop, but doing that gave me 'undefined.state.var' when the code compiled instead. React's official docs are not great; they simply tell me to go Flux myself, which seems daft... I shouldn't need a whole new architecture to pass a simple variable from one component to another.

I also tried making local vars in the file that's doing the rendering, but they get passed to the components as props and you can't modify props in a component.

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Answer

I created a jsfiddle with an example of how to share a variable between two components using a parent component.

class Parent extends React.Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this.state = {shared_var: "init"};
    }

    updateShared(shared_value) {
        this.setState({shared_var: shared_value});
    }

    render() {
        return (
            <div>
                <CardSearch shared_var={this.state.shared_var} updateShared={this.updateShared} />
                <RunOnServer shared_var={this.state.shared_var} updateShared={this.updateShared} />
                <div> The shared value is {this.state.shared_var} </div>
            </div>
        );
    }
}

class CardSearch extends React.Component {
    updateShared() {
        this.props.updateShared('card');
    }

    render() {
        return (
            <button onClick={this.updateShared} style={this.props.shared_var == 'card' ? {backgroundColor: "green"} : null} >
            card
            </button>
        );
    }
}

class RunOnServer extends React.Component {
    updateShared() {
        this.props.updateShared('run');
    }

    render() {
        return (
            <button onClick={this.updateShared} style={this.props.shared_var == 'run' ? {backgroundColor: "green"} : null}>
            run
            </button>
        );
    }
}


ReactDOM.render(
  <Parent/>,
  document.getElementById('container')
);
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source: stackoverflow.com
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