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LazyInitializationException: Could Not Initialize Proxy - No Session

I use spring-data-jpa with spring-boot(v2.0.0.RELEASE), I just wrote a CRUD demo on MySQL, but an exception occurs during runtime, source code as follows:

Source code

User.java

@Entity
public class User implements Serializable {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    @Id
    private Integer id;
    private String username;
    private String password;

    ...getter&setter
} 

UserRepository.java

public interface UserRepository extends JpaRepository<User, Integer> {

}

UserServiceTest.java

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class UserServiceTest {

    @Autowired
    private UserRepository userRepository;

    @Test
    public void getUserById() throws Exception{
        userRepository.getOne(1);
    }

}

application.yml

spring:
  datasource:
    username: ***
    password: ***
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
    url: ********
  thymeleaf:
    cache: false
  jpa:
    show-sql: true
    hibernate:
      ddl-auto: update

Exception details

org.hibernate.LazyInitializationException: could not initialize proxy - no Session

at org.hibernate.proxy.AbstractLazyInitializer.initialize(AbstractLazyInitializer.java:155)
at org.hibernate.proxy.AbstractLazyInitializer.getImplementation(AbstractLazyInitializer.java:268)
at org.hibernate.proxy.pojo.javassist.JavassistLazyInitializer.invoke(JavassistLazyInitializer.java:73)
at cn.shuaijunlan.sdnsecuritysystem.domain.po.User_$$_jvstc90_0.getUsername(User_$$_jvstc90_0.java)
at cn.shuaijunlan.sdnsecuritysystem.service.UserServiceTest.getUserById(UserServiceTest.java:33)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:50)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17)

I try to another method userRepository.findOne(1), it can run successfully.

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Answer

You can add @Transactional annotation to your test method to avoid this exception.

Method getOne return the 'reference' (proxy) of the entity which properties can be lazy loaded. See it code - it uses getReference method of EntityManager. From it javadoc:

Get an instance, whose state may be lazily fetched.

In Spring the implementation of EntityManager is org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl - so without the Session the Spring can not get this method.

To have a session you can just create a transaction...

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source: stackoverflow.com
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