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Javascript Image Onload Fails On Firefox And Chrome

- 1 answer

I am trying to load my images with a fade in effect that will be triggered once the image is loaded. I noticed that onload works properly in Chrome, but in Firefox or Safari it is called some hundred miliseconds before the image is rendered, so any animation below that duration will be skipped.

I' have been reading other questions, as:

Here I created a snippet demonstrating the problem using Picsum heavy images —3000 x 3000—. When opening this question on Chrome and running this snippet, on load the image is faded; but when opening this same question on Firefox or Safari the image is rendered without fade in.

const imgElement = new Image();
const rootElement = document.getElementById("root");

rootElement.append(imgElement);
imgElement.className = "image";
imgElement.src = "https://picsum.photos/3000/3000";

imgElement.onload = function () {
  imgElement.classList.add("loaded");
};
.image {
  border: 2px solid gray;
  max-width: 100%;
  opacity: 0;
  transition: opacity 0.3s ease;
}

.image.loaded {
  opacity: 1;
}
<div id="root"></div>

Any idea will be welcome!

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Answer

Yes, the load event does correspond to the time when the network resource has been fetched and when the browser has ensured it will be able to read it without issue.
That's when Firefox and Safari do fire the event, as per the specs.
Chrome currently does more work before firing this event, as they will wait until the full decoding is done.

So as you correctly guessed, Safari and Firefox will first render the <img> element empty, apply the transition on that empty image and then only render the final image.

To overcome this issue you can use a relatively recent addition to the HTML specs: HTMLImageElement#decode(). This method will return a Promise, resolving when the decoding part has been completely done.

const imgElement = new Image();
const rootElement = document.getElementById("root");

rootElement.append(imgElement);
imgElement.className = "image";
imgElement.src = "https://picsum.photos/3000/3000";

imgElement.decode().then(()=>{
  imgElement.classList.add("loaded");
});
.image {
  border: 2px solid gray;
  max-width: 100%;
  opacity: 0;
  transition: opacity 0.3s ease;
}

.image.loaded {
  opacity: 1;
}
<div id="root"></div>

Ps: for the ones needing to support older browsers that didn't support decode() yet, there is a way to force the decoding synchronously.

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source: stackoverflow.com
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