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I Am Unable To Find The Etc/passwd File In Cygwin

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I recently installed cygwin, and have been unable to find my passwd/etc file in order set to HOME. Is there any way to force cygwin to generate the file?

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Answer

The /etc/passwd and group files are no longer generated by default, starting with Cygwin 1.7.34.

You can still generate them. Cygwin will use these files preferentially if present, by default, but only to cater to existing installs and special situations.

When these files are not present, Cygwin now uses the native Windows user management mechanisms: Active Directory where present, or SAM where not.

It is therefore recommended that you use this new mechanism to change your home directory. The easiest way I know of to do this is to add a line like this to your /etc/nsswitch.conf file:

db_home: /%H

That will change your Cygwin home directory to be equal to your Windows user profile directory. There are many other legal % tokens you can use here to achieve different results. See the previous link for details.

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source: stackoverflow.com
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