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How To Undo "git Commit --amend" Done Instead Of "git Commit"

- 1 answer

I accidentally amended my previous commit. The commit should have been separate to keep history of the changes I made to a particular file.

Is there a way to undo that last commit? If I do something like git reset --hard HEAD^, the first commit also is undone.

(I have not yet pushed to any remote directories)

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Answer

What you need to do is to create a new commit with the same details as the current HEAD commit, but with the parent as the previous version of HEAD. git reset --soft will move the branch pointer so that the next commit happens on top of a different commit from where the current branch head is now.

# Move the current head so that it's pointing at the old commit
# Leave the index intact for redoing the commit.
# [email protected]{1} gives you "the commit that HEAD pointed at before 
# it was moved to where it currently points at". Note that this is
# different from HEAD~1, which gives you "the commit that is the
# parent node of the commit that HEAD is currently pointing to."
git reset --soft [email protected]{1}

# commit the current tree using the commit details of the previous
# HEAD commit. (Note that [email protected]{1} is pointing somewhere different from the
# previous command. It's now pointing at the erroneously amended commit.)
# The -C option takes the given commit and reuses the log message and
# authorship information.
git commit -C [email protected]{1}
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source: stackoverflow.com
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