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How To Fix AAPT Error Foreground Activity Not Found When Running Ionic Cordova Build Android?

I recently moved from a Linux to windows environment and I'm having issues building an ionic app successfully. Ionic Cordova build android stops at

:app:splitsDiscoveryTaskDebug UP-TO-DATE

it seems a plugin (cordova-plugin-paystack) is the cause because it builds fine without errors when I run build with this plugin removed.

here's the error code:

:app:compileDebugAidl UP-TO-DATE
:CordovaLib:packageDebugRenderscript NO-SOURCE
:app:compileDebugRenderscript UP-TO-DATE
:app:checkDebugManifest UP-TO-DATE
:app:generateDebugBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
:app:prepareLintJar UP-TO-DATE
:app:generateDebugResValues UP-TO-DATE
:app:generateDebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:app:mergeDebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:app:createDebugCompatibleScreenManifests UP-TO-DATE
:app:processDebugManifest UP-TO-DATE
:app:splitsDiscoveryTaskDebug UP-TO-DATE
C:\Users\Erondu Emmanuel\.gradle\caches\transforms-1\files-1.1\appcompat-v7-27.1.1.aar\2a476605aeb8db0b92c43b3475268151\res\values\values.xml:251:5-69: AAPT: error: resource attr/foreground (aka com.kekerides.user:attr/foreground) not found.

C:\Users\Erondu Emmanuel\.gradle\caches\transforms-1\files-1.1\appcompat-v7-27.1.1.aar\2a476605aeb8db0b92c43b3475268151\res\values\values.xml:251:5-69: AAPT: error: resource attr/foregroundGravity (aka com.kekerides.user:attr/foregroundGravity) not found.

C:\Users\Erondu Emmanuel\Documents\DEVELOPMENT\User\platforms\android\app\build\intermediates\incremental\mergeDebugResources\merged.dir\values\values.xml:577: error: resource attr/foreground (aka com.kekerides.user:attr/foreground) not found.
C:\Users\Erondu Emmanuel\Documents\DEVELOPMENT\User\platforms\android\app\build\intermediates\incremental\mergeDebugResources\merged.dir\values\values.xml:577: error: resource attr/foregroundGravity (aka com.kekerides.user:attr/foregroundGravity) not found.
error: failed linking references.

npm version:6.4.1 nodejs :8.12.10 ionic: 5.1.0 cordova :8.0.0

I have tried the instructions here Cordova Android error :app:transformClassesWithDesugarForDebug when adding plugin and it still doesn't work.

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Answer

After trying for over 24hrs, I stumbled upon a thread on the Paystack GitHub page here : https://github.com/PaystackHQ/paystack-android/issues/33.

solution: I created a file named attr.xml in Myappname\platforms\android\app\src\main\res\values\ and added the following code:

<declare-styleable name="ForegroundView">
    <attr name="foreground" format="color" />
    <attr name="foregroundGravity" format="integer" />
    <attr name="foregroundInsidePadding" format="boolean" />
</declare-styleable>

and build was successfull! How do i preserve this file when i run

cordova platform add android

hopefully this will help someone else in future.

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source: stackoverflow.com
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