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How To Download Files One By One In Node Js?

I'm trying to download multiple file using request library, I need to download them one by one and also show a progress bar, the files links are stored in an array that passes them to a function to start the download

const request = require('request')
const fs = require('fs')
const ProgressBar = require('progress')

async function downloadFiles(links) {
    for (let link of links) {
        let file = request(link)
        file.on('response', (res) => {
            var len = parseInt(res.headers['content-length'], 10);
            console.log();
            bar = new ProgressBar('  Downloading [:bar] :rate/bps :percent :etas', {
                complete: '=',
                incomplete: ' ',
                width: 20,
                total: len
            });
            file.on('data', (chunk) => {
                bar.tick(chunk.length);
            })
            file.on('end', () => {
                console.log('\n');
            })
        })
        file.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('./downloads/' + Math.random().toString(36).substring(2, 15) + Math.random().toString(36).substring(2, 15)))
    }
}


let links = ['https://speed.hetzner.de/100MB.bin', 'https://speed.hetzner.de/100MB.bin', 'https://speed.hetzner.de/100MB.bin', 'https://speed.hetzner.de/100MB.bin']
downloadFiles(links)

This is what I've got so far, the problem is that the request is asynchronous, I tried to use async/await but that way I couldn't get the progress bar to work. How can make it so that the files are downloaded one at the time and also have a progress bar?

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Answer

Based on my comment about async.queue, this is how I would write that up. You can call dl.downloadFiles([]) as often as you want and it will just fetch everything that you have added to the queue one after another.

const request = require('request')
const async = require('async')
const fs = require('fs')
const ProgressBar = require('progress')

class Downloader {
    constructor() {
        this.q = async.queue(this.singleFile, 1);

        // assign a callback
        this.q.drain(function() {
            console.log('all items have been processed');
        });

        // assign an error callback
        this.q.error(function(err, task) {
            console.error('task experienced an error', task);
        });
    }

    downloadFiles(links) {
        for (let link of links) {
            this.q.push(link);
        }
    }

    singleFile(link, cb) {
        let file = request(link);
        let bar;
        file.on('response', (res) => {
            const len = parseInt(res.headers['content-length'], 10);
            console.log();
            bar = new ProgressBar('  Downloading [:bar] :rate/bps :percent :etas', {
                complete: '=',
                incomplete: ' ',
                width: 20,
                total: len
            });
            file.on('data', (chunk) => {
                bar.tick(chunk.length);
            })
            file.on('end', () => {
                console.log('\n');
                cb();
            })
        })
        file.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('./downloads/' + Math.random().toString(36).substring(2, 15) + Math.random().toString(36).substring(2, 15)))
    }
}

const dl = new Downloader();

dl.downloadFiles([
    'https://speed.hetzner.de/100MB.bin',
    'https://speed.hetzner.de/100MB.bin'
]);
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source: stackoverflow.com
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