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How To Add A ClassName And Remove It OnScroll Event In React.JS?

- 1 answer

I'm trying to make a Sticky Header that can change its background-color based on his position on the page. To do that, I'm trying to add a className "active" to my Styled Component "StyledHeader" that will appears when the scrollPositionY is above 400px and disappear when below.

In other words, what I want to do is something like this but using React.JS, JSX syntax and Styled Components.

Here's what I have for now:

import { Link } from '@reach/router';

import DuskLogo from '../images/dusk_logo.svg';

import { 
    StyledHeader, 
    StyledDuskLogo
} from '../styles/StyledHeader';

const Header = () => (
<StyledHeader>
  <div className="header-content">
    <Link to="/">
    <StyledDuskLogo src={DuskLogo} alt="dusk-logo" />
    </Link>
  </div>
</StyledHeader>
)

export default Header;

Do you know a simple way to do it ?

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Answer

add an event listener in your useEffect. when you scroll down the value of window.scrollY will increase such as 1, 2, ...100 .. (in px) and update your color in useState as per the window.scrollY. try something like this

const StyledBody = window.styled.div`
  background: lightgray;
  height: 5000px;
`;

const StyledText = window.styled.h4`
  text-align: center;
  width: 250px;
  margin: auto;
  line-height: 40px;
`;

const StyledHeader = window.styled.div`
  background-color: ${props => props.color};
  width: 100%;
  height: auto;
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0px;
  padding: 0;
  z-index: 10000;
  transition: all 1s ease-in-out;
`;

const Header = () => {
  const [color, setColor] = React.useState("rgba(17, 42, 107, 0.7)");

  const handleScroll = React.useCallback((event) => {
    let scrollTop = window.scrollY;

      //console.log(scrollTop );  //1,2,...100,...200...etc (in px)

      if (scrollTop >= 20 && scrollTop < 50) {
        setColor("yellow");
      }

      if (scrollTop >= 50 && scrollTop < 90) {
        setColor("red");
      }

      if (scrollTop >= 90 && scrollTop < 120) {
        setColor("green");
      }
      if (scrollTop >= 120 && scrollTop < 150) {
        setColor("blue");
      }
      if (scrollTop >= 150 && scrollTop < 180) {
        setColor("violet");
      }
      if (scrollTop >= 180 && scrollTop < 210) {
        setColor("purple");
      }
});

  React.useEffect(() => {
    window.addEventListener("scroll", handleScroll);
    return () => {
      window.removeEventListener("scroll", handleScroll, false);
    };
  }, []);

  return (
    <StyledBody>
      <StyledHeader color={color}>
        <StyledText>My background color changes</StyledText>
      </StyledHeader>
    </StyledBody>
  );
};

export default Header;

here is a working demo ..change the code as per your need.demo

Edit: I have added styled-components for you. check it out and let me know whether it works for you. to know more about these hooks go to useEffect and useCallback

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source: stackoverflow.com
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