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Convert Number To Binary And Store In Multiple Columns In Pandas Using Python

- 1 answer

I want to convert a number to binary and store in multiple columns in Pandas using Python. Here is an example.

df = pd.DataFrame([['a', 1], ['b', 2], ['c', 0]], columns=["Col_A", "Col_B"])

for i in range(0,len(df)):
    df.loc[i,'Col_C'],df.loc[i,'Col_D'] = list( (bin(df.loc[i,'Col_B']).zfill(2) ) )

I am trying to convert a binary and store it in a multiple columns in dataframe. After converting number to Binary, output has to contains 2 digits. It is working fine.

Question: If my dataset contains thousands of records, I can see performance difference. If I want to improve performance of above code how do we do it? I tried using following single line code, which didn't work for me.

df[['Col_C','Col_D']] = list( (bin(df['Col_B']).zfill(2) ) )
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Answer

If performance is important, use numpy with this solution:

d = df['Col_B'].values
m = 2
df[['Col_C','Col_D']]  = pd.DataFrame((((d[:,None] & (1 << np.arange(m)))) > 0).astype(int))
print (df)
  Col_A  Col_B  Col_C  Col_D
0     a      1      1      0
1     b      2      0      1
2     c      0      0      0

Performance (about 1000 times faster):

df = pd.DataFrame([['a', 1], ['b', 2], ['c', 0]], columns=["Col_A", "Col_B"])


df = pd.concat([df] * 1000, ignore_index=True)

In [162]: %%timeit
     ...: df[['Col_C','Col_D']] = df['Col_B'].apply(lambda x: pd.Series(list(bin(x)[2:].zfill(2))))
     ...: 
609 ms ± 14.5 ms per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 1 loop each)

In [163]: %%timeit
     ...: d = df['Col_B'].values
     ...: m = 2
     ...: df[['Col_C','Col_D']]  = pd.DataFrame((((d[:,None] & (1 << np.arange(m)))) > 0).astype(int))
     ...: 
618 µs ± 26.2 µs per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 1000 loops each)
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source: stackoverflow.com
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