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Can't Connect To Mysql Docker-compose

I can't connect my docker app to my MySQL server. But I can connect the app to the server from my local machine.

I use MySQL version 8.0.20

app.py:

import mysql.connector

server_config = {
    'user': 'my_user',
    'password': 'my_password',
    'host': '127.0.0.1',
    'database': 'db',
    'port': 3306,
}
conn = mysql.connector.connect(**server_config)
cursor = conn.cursor()

print('db has been connected')

Dockerfile (for app):

FROM python:3.10

WORKDIR /usr/app/src
COPY . ./

RUN pip install -r requirements.txt

requirements.txt:

mysql-connector-python==8.0.20

docker-compose.yml:

version: '3.8'

services:
  app:
    build: ./
    command: sh -c "sleep 20s ; python3 ./app.py"
    depends_on:
      - db
  db:
    image: mysql:8.0.20
    restart: always
    environment:
      MYSQL_DATABASE: 'db'
      MYSQL_USER: 'my_user'
      MYSQL_PASSWORD: 'my_password'
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: 'my_root_password'
    ports:
      - '3306:3306' 

Traceback error:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/app/src/./app.py", line 10, in <module>
    conn = mysql.connector.connect(**server_config)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/mysql/connector/pooling.py", line 286, in connect
    return CMySQLConnection(*args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/mysql/connector/connection_cext.py", line 101, in __init__
    self.connect(**kwargs)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/mysql/connector/abstracts.py", line 1095, in connect
    self._open_connection()
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.10/site-packages/mysql/connector/connection_cext.py", line 268, in _open_connection
    raise get_mysql_exception(
mysql.connector.errors.DatabaseError: 2003 (HY000): Can't connect to MySQL server on '127.0.0.1:3306' (111)

But if I run app.py from my local machine (server was running on docker, app.py was running without docker) the output is:

db has been connected
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Answer

Your host name is wrong. It should be db.

Basically app container is trying to connect to its localhost:3306 which is not right. Db service is running on db:3306.

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source: stackoverflow.com
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