Can Ranges Split Be Used With A Predicate?

- 1 answer

Can this double loop be rewritten using ranges views split() ?

#include <vector>
#include <span>

struct MyPair
    int a;
    char b;

vector<MyPair> path = {{1,'a'},{1,'z'},{2,'b'},{2,'y'}};
vector<span<MyPair> > spans;

for (int i=0; i < path.size();)
    auto r = path | ranges::views::drop(i) | views::take_while([&](const MyPair& p){return p.a == path[i].a;});
    int size = ranges::distance(r);
    span<Range> ranges(&path[i], size);
    i += size ;

I want a view of views looking like



Can this double loop be rewritten using ranges views split() ?

Since you're not using a range as a delimiter to split the original range, instead you're using a predicate to split the range, views::split doesn't actually solve the problem.

However, C++23 adopted views::chunk_by, and according to its description in []:

chunk_by_view takes a view and a predicate, and splits the view into subranges between each pair of adjacent elements for which the predicate returns false.

The for-loop can be rewritten using views::chunk_by with the appropriate predicate:

vector<MyPair> path = ...
auto spans = path | std::views::chunk_by([](const auto& l, const auto& r) {
                                           return l.a == r.a; 

But currently, no compiler implements this range adaptors, the alternative is to use range-v3's views::group_by.